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2018年第3期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2016.107
生态视角下的“城市之城”:来自“博洛尼亚七城”结构规划的思考
“City of Cities” from an Ecological Point of View: Thinking from Structure Plan of “Seven Cities of Bologna”

朱静宜

Zhu Jingyi

关键词:“ 城市之城”;博洛尼亚;结构规划;生态;城市片段

Keywords:“City of Cities”; Bologna; Structure Plan; Ecology; Urban Fragments

摘要:

世界范围内,城市普遍呈现分散化与多元化趋势。这种碎片化一方面来自固有的自然地理因素,另一方面随着城市建设的不均衡与多样所致的复杂的人口流动而越发明显,单一的城市逐渐演变为“城市之城”。在这样的背景下,城市战略性规划需要有新的思路与工具。本文以班纳姆的“生态”为出发点,以意大利博洛尼亚城市结构规划为例,探讨“城市之城”背景下的“生态”规划思路,指出采用“生态”的视角,可以更好地认知城市内在的特质,建立对城市现有特征与未来发展目标的结构性认知,从而引导城市在复杂与差异的大背景下更好地发展。

Abstract:

Contemporary cities are marked by the tendency to diffuse and develop a great level of diversity. This trend of fragmentation results, on one hand, from the inherent geographical and environmental features, and on the other hand, from the complex and unbalanced flows of diverse population. The city is evolving into “City of Cities”, and new planning tools are needed to deal with the new challenge. The paper starts from the concept of “ecology” put forward by Reyner Banham and discusses the “ecological” planning within “city of cities” by the case study of the urban structural plan of Bologna. The paper argues that by adopting the “ecology” perspective, the inherent characteristics can be better understood. At the same time, a structural understanding of the city’s present and future development can be achieved, which in turn gives the city the opportunity to better develop in view of the growing urban complexity and differentiation.

版权信息:
基金项目:
作者简介:

朱静宜,伦敦大学学院巴特莱特规划学院,博士研究生。1009812338@qq.com

译者简介:

参考文献:
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