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2018年第6期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2017.093
美国“创新城区”概念、实践及启示
The Concept, Practice and Enlightenment of “Innovation District” in the United States

任俊宇 刘希宇

Ren Junyu, Liu Xiyu

关键词:创新空间;城市创新;创新城区;肯德尔广场;联合湖南区;三角研究园

Keywords:Innovation Space; City Innovation; Innovation District; Kendall Square; South Lake Union; Research Triangle Park

摘要:

知识经济与科技创新在城市发展中的作用越来越明显,伴随着产业转型、城市更新、创新驱动等发展需求,城市越来越重视创新空间的发展与规划。“创新城区”是一种较新的理论概念和实践路径,本文对其发展条件、过程演进、概念与特征进行总结,提出“创新环境—产业环境—城市环境”的创新城区概念模型。同时,梳理美国创新城区发展的最新进展,以波士顿肯德尔广场、西雅图联合湖南区和北卡罗来纳三角研究园为例,介绍创新城区的三种类型。最后,总结美国创新城区在空间建设、政策实施、产业发展、文化嵌入等方面的经验,并提出我国发展创新城区应吸引企业,促进科技产业集聚;优化空间,提高环境品质;鼓励创新,形成创新生态系统。

Abstract:

Knowledge economy and science and technology innovation play more vital roles in urban development. With the industry transformation, urban renewal and innovation-driven development, we pay more attention to the development of innovation space and urban planning. “Innovation district” is put forward as a new theoretical concept and practical development path. In this paper, we summarize the evolution process, the concept and characteristics of innovation districts, and put forward the “Innovation Environment & Industry Environment & Urban Environment” model of innovation districts. Then we summarize several projects in the United States that Boston Kendall Square, Seattle South Lake Union in detail and Research Triangle Park in aspects of urban construction, policy implementation, industry development and cultural embedded. We think that the government should attract enterprises to promote science and technology industrial concentration, improve Space optimization to improve environmental quality, and encourage innovation to form the innovation ecosystem.

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作者简介:

任俊宇,博士,中电科新型智慧城市研究院有限公司在站博士后
刘希宇,硕士,北京清华同衡规划设计研究院有限公司规划师

译者简介:

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