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2023年第5期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2023.416
情境转向、协议工具与行动者网络——荷兰西南三角洲的适应性跨界治理
Scenario Shifts, Agreement Tools and Actor Networks: Adaptive Practice of Cross-border Governance in the Southwest Delta of the Netherlands

苏冬 刘健

Su Dong, Liu Jian

关键词:治理情境;行政协议;行动者网络;荷兰;西南三角洲

Keywords:Governance Scenario; Administrative Agreement; Actor Network; The Netherlands; The Southwest Delta

摘要:

位于莱茵、默兹、斯海尔德河下游交汇处的荷兰西南三角洲地区承担着洪水防御、淡水供应、空间利用等多重任务,复杂的行政跨界状态使其流域管理颇具挑战,被认为是“跨界治理实验室”。近年来,该地区作为荷兰“国家三角洲计划”中的特定战略分区,提出“努力在2050 年前成为世界上第一个具有气候适应能力的地区”的雄心目标,并为此不断深化跨界治理探索。本文将多元治理观嵌入跨界区域,从治理情境、治理工具和治理网络三个维度,分析荷兰西南三角洲跨界流域治理的治理情境变化及其话语转向与决策模式转变的适应逻辑;探究其协议工具运用和行动者网络构建的最新实践;总结其面向气候变化和水资源管理的跨界治理经验;并着眼于我国现代化跨界治理实践及其理论化诉求,提出基于复杂治理情境认知进行“图景共筑”,提升区域协议工具的规范度和长效执行力,扩大网络治理并发挥行动者在跨界治理网络中的转译能力三个方面的启示和建议。

Abstract:

The Southwest Delta of the Netherlands, standing at the confluence of the Rhine, Meuse and Scheldt rivers, is considered as a “laboratory” for cross-border governance,  because of its multiple tasks in flooding control, water supply and spatial planning and its complex transboundary status, both of which make its watershed management quite challenging. In recent years, as a specific policy zone of the Dutch National Delta Program, it has continued its explorations in cross-border governance, targeting at the ambitious goal of “becoming the world’s first climate-resilient region by 2050”. Adopting the idea of pluralistic governance and the perspectives of governance scenarios, governance tools and governance networks, this paper analyzes the shifts of this transboundary region’s governance scenarios and the corresponding adaptation of its discourses and decisions, and summarizes its latest expertise in the application of protocols and the construction of actor networks. Based on the Dutch experience of cross-border governance of climate change and water management and in view of China’s practice and theorization of cross-border governance, this paper puts forward the following suggestions: promoting “spatial image building” based on the understanding of complex governance scenarios; enhancing the regulative authority and long-term implementation of regional agreement tools; expanding the network governance and strengthening the translational capacity of actors.

版权信息:
基金项目:住房和城乡建设部软科学研究项目(2022-R-032),国家自然科学基金面上项目(52278067)
作者简介:

苏冬,清华大学建筑学院,博士;浙江大学学生职业发展培训中心,讲师。13702195508@163.com
刘健(通信作者),博士,清华大学建筑学院副院长,教授,博士生导师。liujian@tsinghua.edu.cn

译者简介:

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