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2023年第5期   DOI:
收缩规划背景下收缩城市界定与分类的国际和中国本土化探析
International and China’s Localized Analysis on the Definition and Classification of Shrinking Cities Under the Background of Shrinking Planning

陆明 梁凡 吴远翔

Lu Ming, Liang Fan, Wu Yuanxiang

关键词:收缩规划;收缩城市;界定标准;收缩类型;本土化探析

Keywords:Shrinking Planning; Shrinking City; Defining Standard; Shrinking Type; Local Exploration

摘要:

收缩城市作为一种新常态的城市发展类型,在城市发展问题中的研究地位日益上升,以收缩为导向的收缩规划也不断得到强调。然而,收缩城市的界定与分类一直处于多元而混杂独立的状态,这不仅影响相关研究的持续深入,也不利于收缩城市的联合探究。笔者发现,在概念界定中,收缩城市定义标准比较混杂,并且西方语境下的收缩城市在中国化解读中产生了分歧和误解;同时缘于不同的研究路径,收缩类型的划分结果呈现多样化趋势,尤其是在具有特殊城市发展背景的中国。基于此,本文从规划角度出发,重新思考收缩城市的定义内涵与研究意义,提出了“唯一判断标准+ 多元类型识别”的研究思路,并强调两者之间的逻辑关系。另外,笔者就收缩类型梳理了基于收缩规划的研究框架,强化了收缩类型在规划中的指导性,并期望在创造联合研究平台的同时促进本土化探析。

Abstract:

Shrinking city, a new normal type of urban development, has been constantly emphasized for its importance in the area of research concerning urban development issues. Shrinkage-oriented planning has also been emphasized. However, the definition and classification of shrinking cities have been complicated yet independent. This not only affects the continuous in-depth related research, but also goes against the joint exploration of shrinking cities. From tracing the origin of shrinking city, this paper, on the one hand, finds the confusions of the definition to the shrinking city and the differences and misunderstandings existing in the Chinese interpretation of the shrinking city in the western context. On the other hand, it presents that the classifications of shrinking types have shown a diversified trend due to different research paths, especially in China, which has a special urban development background. Based on this, the authors reconsider the definition and significance of shrinking city from the perspective of planning, and put forward the research idea of “unique judgment standard + multiple type identification” and emphasize the logical relationship between them. In addition, we sort out a research framework for the shrinking types based on shrinking planning, which strengthens the guidance of shrinkage types in planning. Ultimately, it would promote local exploration while creating a joint research platform.

版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(52078160)
作者简介:

陆明,哈尔滨工业大学建筑学院,寒地城乡人居环境科学与技术工业和信息化部重点实验室,教授,博士生导师。hitlm@126.com
梁凡(通信作者),哈尔滨工业大学建筑学院,寒地城乡人居环境科学与技术工业和信息化部重点实验室,博士研究生。20b934025@stu.hit.edu.cn
吴远翔,哈尔滨工业大学建筑学院,寒地城乡人居环境科学与技术工业和信息化部重点实验室,副教授,硕士生导师。nu-2000@163.com

译者简介:

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