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2023年第5期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2022.127
发达国家住宅适老化改造的资金支持政策与实践概要
An Overview of the Financial Supporting Policies and Practices of Housing Renovation for the Elderly in the Developed Countries

王春彧 周燕珉

Wang Chunyu, Zhou Yanmin

关键词:适老化改造;住宅改造;老年宜居环境;老年友好社区;居家养老;在地养老;护理保险;案例研究

Keywords:Housing Renovation for the Elderly; Home Modification; Livable Environment for the Elderly; Age-friendly Community; Home Based Care, Aging in Place; Nursing Insurance; Case Study

摘要:

我国住宅适老化改造正在快步迈入“广泛实践期”,但目前存在着资金支持政策尚不完善、工作实施流程尚不系统、技术标准积累尚不充分等问题,亟须充分学习发达国家的已有经验。本文以新加坡、瑞典、丹麦、德国、日本、美国、澳大利亚七个典型国家为对象,系统梳理了各国住宅适老化改造的发展历程;从资金支持政策、实施流程、设计标准与指南三个方面总结其规律和经验;最后结合我国国情,为我国住宅适老化改造工作的开展提供五个方面的启示,包括:丰富资金支持体系,鼓励市场力量参与,规范改造实施流程,编制分级技术标准,注重知识普及教育。

Abstract:

The housing renovation work for the elderly in China is fast stepping into the “widely-practiced period”, but there are some problems to be solved, such as imperfect financial supporting policies, unsystematic implementation processes and insufficient accumulation of technical standards. It is urgent to learn from the experience of the developed countries. In this paper, seven typical countries, including Singapore, Sweden, Denmark, Germany, Japan, the United States and Australia, are selected to systematically discuss the development history of housing renovation work for the elderly in each country. The laws and experience are summarized from three aspects: financial supporting policies, implementing processes, design standards and guidelines. Finally, it provides five inspirations for the development of housing renovation work for the elderly in China with considerations of its national conditions, which are enriching the financial support policy, encouraging the participation of market forces, standardizing the renovation application process, developing graded technical standards, and focusing on knowledge popularization and education.

版权信息:
基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费项目(2022CDJXY-014)
作者简介:

王春彧(通信作者),博士,重庆大学建筑城规学院,副教授。chunyu@cqu.edu.cn
周燕珉,清华大学建筑学院,教授

译者简介:

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