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2023年第5期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2021.188
公共卫生事件下面向老年宜居的国外智慧型社区防疫策略
Intelligent Community Prevention Strategies of Foreign Countries Towards Elderly Livability Under Public Health Events

闫楚倩 马航 王墨晗

Yan Chuqian, Ma Hang, Wang Mohan

关键词:公共卫生事件;老年人;日常生活状态;宜居环境;智慧型防疫

Keywords:Public Health Event; The Elderly; State of Daily Life; Livable Environment; Intelligent Epidemic Prevention

摘要:

社会隔离手段有效地保护了传染病疫情中易感、高危的老年群体,却也因生活空间的强制控制造成了社会保障服务的缺失、生活习惯的中断,以及行为方式的转变,对其身心健康产生负面影响。如何在保障老年人生命安全的基础上,构建稳定、宜居的生活环境,是当下老龄化社会应对公共卫生事件时的重要议题。本文首先总结了社区因疫情防护需求而产生的非宜居性环境因素,以及对老年人日常生活状态、身体机能与精神情绪带来的危害。其次,阐释了国外城市社区在处理此类危机时采取的智慧型防疫策略及其特点,并将其对老年宜居环境的支持归纳为三个方面:构建具有实时监测功能的公共场所与建筑物,搭建远程提供各类社会支援服务的线上交互平台,布置用于虚拟传感的智能家居和可穿戴设备。最后,针对我国现阶段智能养老产业与老年人卫生防疫工作的主要目标与限制,提出创建综合老年人多元需求于一体的社区智慧交互平台,以期为构建本土化智慧型老年宜居社区提供思路。

Abstract:

Social isolation means effectively protects the vulnerable and high-risk elderly population in infectious disease epidemics, but also causes a lack of social security services, disruption of living habits, and changes in behavior that negatively affect their physical and mental health due to the mandatory control of living space. How to build a stable and livable living environment based on safeguarding the life safety of the elderly is an essential issue in dealing with such public health events in the aging society nowadays. This paper first summarizes the non-livable environmental factors arising from the need for epidemic protection in the community and the hazards to the daily living status, physical function, and mental and emotional well-being of the elderly. Second, it explains the smart prevention strategies and characteristics adopted by foreign urban communities in dealing with such crises, and summarizing their support for a livable environment for the elderly in three areas: building public places and buildings with real-time monitoring functions, building online interactive platforms that provide various social support services remotely, and arranging smart homes and wearable devices for virtual sensing. At last, given the main objectives and constraints of the intelligent elderly industry and elderly health prevention work in China at the present stage, we propose to create a community intelligent interactive platform that integrates multiple needs of the elderly, to provide ideas for building a localized intelligent elderly livable community.

版权信息:
基金项目:广东省自然科学基金面上项目(2021A1515010892),国家自然科学基金(52008126),广东省基础与应用基础研究基金项目(2021A1515010404)
作者简介:

闫楚倩,哈尔滨工业大学(深圳)建筑学院,博士研究生。yanchuqian@foxmail.com
马航,博士,哈尔滨工业大学(深圳)建筑学院,教授,博士生导师。mahang@hit.edu.cn
王墨晗,博士,哈尔滨工业大学(深圳)建筑学院,助理教授,硕士生导师。wangmohan@hit.edu.cn

译者简介:

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