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2023年第1期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2022.748
城市规划与财政关系初探
Exploring the Relationships Between Urban Planning and Municipal Finance

刘志

Liu Zhi

关键词:城市规划;城市财政;融资;中期建设与财政规划; 房地产税

Keywords:Urban Planning; Municipal Finance; Borrowing; Mid-term Construction and Financial Planning; Property Tax

摘要:

本文提出一个我国城市规划界长期忽略的问题:城市规划要考量城市财政能力吗?文章阐述了一个“规划—财政—融资”内在关系的简单理论框架,介绍相关国际经验,分析我国城市规划与财政工作之间缺乏有机联系的根源和可能产生的后果,指出在我国城市进入高质量发展阶段,打造一个规划与财政协同的工作基础的必要性。笔者提出了若干具体的政策建议,包括引导规划观念向务实方向的转变,在我国城市管理体制框架内建立一个“中期建设和财政规划”流程和城市基础设施资产管理体系,继续推进房地产税和土地出让金制度改革,以及鼓励规划院校弥补城市财政教育的不足。


Abstract:

This paper raises a key question which has long been neglected by the urban planning profession: should urban planning take into consideration of municipal finance capacity? This paper elaborates a simple theoretical framework for the linkages among urban planning, municipal financing, and borrowing, and illustrates these linkages with relevant international experiences. Then the paper discusses the causes and consequences of weak linkages between the practices of urban planning and municipal financing in the Chinese municipalities. Finally, in the context of high-quality urban development, the paper makes several recommendations for strengthening the working linkages between urban planning and municipal financing. These include orienting the urban planning perspectives to more fiscal realism, adopting a mid-term construction and financial planning practice and an urban infrastructure asset management system, continuing the property tax and land concession reform, and strengthening the teaching of municipal finance in the urban planning education programs.


版权信息:
基金项目:
作者简介:

刘志,北京大学—林肯研究院城市发展与土地政策研究中心主任,研究员;林肯土地政策研究院资深研究员和中国与亚洲业务部主任。zliu@lincolninst.edu


译者简介:

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