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2023年第2期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2020.399
基础设施韧性的研究现状与发展趋势——基于国际文献综述的解析
Research Status and Development Trend of Infrastructural Resilience: An Analysis Based on the International Literature Review

邬尚霖 刘少瑜

Wu Shanglin, Lau Stephen Siu Yu

关键词:迭代检索 ;基础设施韧性 ;共现词网络 ;风险 ;脆弱性 ;可靠性 ;适应 ;恢复

Keywords:Iterative Retrieval; Infrastructural Resilience; Co-occurrence Words Network; Risk; Vulnerability; Reliability; Adapt; Recover

摘要:

随着韧性思想在城市研究中的不断深入,韧性与城市设计中的众多要素产生了愈加紧密的联系。基础设施作为城市环境的物质性基础,在遭遇灾害时其坚固程度决定了市民 能否安全转移撤退、救援能否开展,其承载的内容与韧性关联性强,因此关于基础设施韧 性的研究也显得愈发重要。以“基础设施韧性”为主题开展的研究资料有限,但涵盖韧性 思想的基础设施相关研究不乏先例,需要通过有效的途径提取相关研究的关键信息,从而 提供深入开展基础设施韧性研究的线索。本文通过直接检索、特征迭代检索、数据迭代检 索三种方式进行文献的拓展搜索,借助科学制图的方式,分析基础设施韧性研究目前的研 究重点、薄弱环节和未来趋势,由此形成对基础设施韧性研究更为全面的认识。从目前的 文献数量分布来看,现有研究主要关注于风险领域,包括风险的种类、风险评估、风险管 理三方面 ;关于基础设施韧性的坚固性研究、恢复性研究、优化措施研究、效能评估研究 等方面较为薄弱,而这些主题在未来的研究蓝图中具有较大的挖掘潜力。


Abstract:

The idea of resilient city has become influential in the urban study area as the concept of resilience is gradually implicated in the urban design method. Infrastructure, the material basis of the urban environment, decides whether citizens can safely transfer and rescue can be carried out when the disaster happens, which has a strong relation to the resilience. There is limited research material on the theme, “infrastructural resilience”, but there are precedent study cases on infrastructures, which encompassed the idea of resilience. What we need to do is extract key information concerning the correlative research by effective means, thereby providing clues for further research on the resilience of infrastructures. Using mixed methods, including direct retrieval, feature iteration of retrieval and data iteration of retrieval to extend the search scope of literature, as well as scientific mapping method to explore the current research focus, weak point, and future trends of the infrastructural resilience research, this paper aims to form a more comprehensive understanding in the infrastructural resilience study. The existing research mainly focuses on risk, including risk types, risk assessment and risk management; studies on robustness, recovery, optimization measures and effectiveness evaluation of foundation toughness are relatively weak. And these themes above have great potentials in future research.


版权信息:
基金项目:广东省基础与应用基础研究基金联合基金青年基金项目(2019A1515110998)、佛山市智慧型陆海土工材料工程技术研究开发中心资助
作者简介:

邬尚霖,佛山科学技术学院,讲师。wsl530@foxmail.com

刘少瑜,新加坡国立大学,北京建筑大学,教授


译者简介:

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