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2024年第1期   DOI:10.19830/j.upi.2024.002
城市信息学在规划科研实践与教育中的进展研究
Progress of Urban Informatics in Urban Planning Research, Practice, and Education

刘超 吴志强

Liu Chao, Wu Zhiqiang

关键词:城市信息学 ;城乡规划 ;数字化 ;城市数据 ;规划决策 ;智慧城市

Keywords:Urban Informatics; Urban and Rural Planning; Digitalization; Urban Data; Planning and Decision-making; Smart City

摘要:

城市信息学拓展了城乡规划学科的理论与技术边界,是当前学科在教学、研究和实践的 重要创新领域。如何将城市信息学与城乡规划进行深度融合,以推动学科进步与实践应用,已 成为当前的重要议题。本文系统梳理了城市信息学在国内外的演变历程,重点阐释了城市感知、 城市大数据、城市分析和规划决策这四项核心内容。通过对国内外代表性高校的学位和课程体 系进行整理,进一步揭示了城市信息学对规划科研实践与教育产生的深远影响。然而我们也发 现,我国的城市信息学实践与高校主导的教育科研之间存在一定的壁垒。研究提出两点启示, 希望能为我国城乡规划学科的未来发展提供有益参考 :一是城乡规划学应利用信息科学技术进 行创新并在学科交叉中获得新知 ;二是重视在实践中解决实际问题,凝练科学问题。

Abstract:

Urban informatics, a pivotal and innovative field within urban and rural planning, serves to broaden the theoretical and technological horizons across the domains of teaching, research, and practical implementation. The profound integration of urban informatics with urban planning has emerged as a significant endeavor, aiming to foster substantial disciplinary progress and enhance the practical applicability of urban planning endeavors. This scholarly paper undertakes a comprehensive review of the historical evolution of urban informatics, both domestically and internationally, with a primary emphasis on four fundamental areas: urban perception, urban big data, urban analytics, and planning decision-making. Through a rigorous collation of degree programs and curriculum frameworks from prominent universities worldwide, the study unveils the profound implications of urban informatics on planning research, practical applications, and educational paradigms. However, the study also identifies notable barriers that exist between the practical implementation of urban informatics in China and the predominantly educational-driven scientific research within universities. In recognition of these challenges, this paper offers two key insights to guide the future development of urban and rural planning disciplines in China: Firstly, an emphasis on innovative and interdisciplinary applications of information technology to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of urban planning processes; secondly, a heightened focus on distilling and addressing scientific challenges emerging from practical contexts to ensure the relevance and applicability of urban planning.

版权信息:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金青年项目(52108060),上海市自然科学基金项目(21ZR1466500),上海市启明星人才项目(22QB1404900),住房和城乡建设部科研课题(2021-K-008)
作者简介:

刘超,同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,助理教授 ;自然资源部国土空间智能规划技术重点 实验室,研究员。liuchao1020@tongji.edu.cn 

 吴志强(通信作者),中国工程院,院士 ;同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,教授。 wus@tongji.edu.cn

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