DOI: 10.22217/upi.2017.241
Job-Housing Spatial Relationship and Job Accessibility of Metropolitan Area: The Influence of Transportation Infrastructure

Shen Chen, Zhang Chun, Xia Haishan, Cheng Zhihua

Keywords: Job-Housing Spatial Relationship; Job Accessibility; Transportation Infrastructure; Metropolitan Area; Low-income Group; Job-Housing Balance; Job-Housing Spatial Mismatch


In recent years, job-housing spatial mismatch becomes more and more common for metropolitan areas globally, and related issue on job accessibility receives increasing attention from policy makers and policy researchers. As an important link between residential and employment functions, transportation infrastructure is believed to be an important means to increase job accessibility based on existing urban pattern. This paper summarizes the establishment and changes of job-housing spatial relation, as well as the impact of transportation infrastructure on the job accessibility. Accumulated studies show that the public transportation infrastructure directly impact on employment opportunities and the living cost, especially for the low-income and middle-income groups. Increasing investment on the public transportation infrastructure inputs will improve employment ratio significantly. Compared with the original job-housing mismatch model in North America, job-housing spatial relationship in China are more complicated due to rapid suburbanization, new town development and new industrial zone development. Lack of public transportation in suburban area leads the vulnerable groups to a more disadvantaged situation. Therefore, under various cultural backgrounds and development stages, impact of transportation infrastructure on the improvement of job accessibility might be different. Appropriate traffic infrastructure investment will improve job accessibility, balance and optimize job-housing spatial relationship, and also increase employment opportunities for the low-income group, thus has profound influence for urban development in the future.


Brief Info of Author(s):

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