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2018年第6期   DOI:10.22217/upi.2016.400
基于形态准则视角的TOD 横断面分区分类管理
Transect-based Zoning and Classification in TOD Planning from the Perspective of Form-based Code

刘泉 赖亚妮

Liu Quan, Lai Yani

关键词:公交导向开发;新城市主义;精明准则;形态准则;横断面模型

Keywords:Transit-oriented Development; New Urbanism; Smart Code; Form-based Code; Transect Model

摘要:

近年来,美国部分城市在新城市主义理念的影响下,开始采用精明准则或形态准则取代或补充传统区划。横断面模型作为形态准则描绘城市和进行规划管理的重要方法,也在多个城市的TOD 规划实践中进行了应用,主要包括两个层面的内容:一是城市或线路层面基于横断面模型与轨道公交等交通条件进行TOD 分类,编制城市设计导则;二是中观层面在站点地区按照横断面进行TOD 分区,编制形态准则。在我国近年来越来越重视城市设计管理的重要性,同时各大中城市逐步开展轨道公交建设并进行TOD 开发的背景下,对横断面模型在美国TOD规划中应用的方法进行总结,能够为我国同类实践提供有益的借鉴思路。

Abstract:

In recent years, some US cities began to apply Smart Code or Form Based Code to replace or complete conventional zoning under the influence of New Urbanism. Transect model is an important method for urban cognition and planning management for Form Based Code, which has been widely used in TOD planning practices. Transect model includes 2 aspects of components: first, to accomplish TOD classification according to transect model and transit condition, and develop urban design guidelines for TOD areas on citywide scale or along the transit line; second, to carry out form based zoning according to transect model, and develop a Form Based Code in TOD area. Recently, urban design management, public transit construction and TOD planning have become more and more important and popular in China. Under such background, it is of great significance to learn from experience of transect model in the US, which can provide useful methods for Chinese TOD planning practices.

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作者简介:

刘泉,深圳市蕾奥规划设计咨询股份有限公司技术管理与研发中心,高级工程师。403474330@qq.com
赖亚妮,博士,深圳大学建设管理与房地产系,讲师,硕士生导师。Lai.Yani@szu.edu.cn

译者简介:

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